Flexbox two column grid

Bootstrap 4 uses Flexbox as the basis for its grid system. The flex container has the ability to adjust and control the size of its child elements to adapt to different viewports. Bootstrap makes it even easier to create Flexbox-based layouts by providing a set of wrapper classes on top of Flexbox properties, which you can simply apply to your markup to achieve your desired result.

Grid systems are an important element of a CSS framework, since building complex layouts without a powerful and flexible grid system can be an intimidating task. The sum of all columns has to be equal to The container is the outer wrapper for the grid layout. So, for example, instead of. Thanks to Flexbox, you can easily achieve things like same-height columns or same-width columns, which you could only accomplish with CSS hacks before. CSS float and clearfix techniques to build layouts have been among such hacks, which made it hard to build and debug complex layouts.

For example, consider a two-column layout.

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If you build this layout with Bootstrap 3, it will look like this:. With Bootstrap 4 and its flexbox-based grid, you achieve a more realistic column just like in a tableas columns in the same row will take the same height. Thanks to Flexbox, you can easily divide the available space between multiple columns in the same row.

If you create a grid layout with multiple columns without specifying the column width i. The four instances of. For example, look at the above layout: you can position elements to the right of an item by adding a Bootstrap. You can see this as moving the item with the. You can accomplish this result either horizontally or vertically.

flexbox two column grid

To achieve the same behavior moving flex elements to the top or bottom rather than to the right or to the leftyou need to use mb-auto margin-bottom: auto; and mt-auto margin-top: auto;set flex-direction to column and apply the align-items- start end class. For instance, Bootstrap now applies the display:flex property to its grid container elements. There are also available responsive classes such as. The same could be said of all the other flex utilities like.

Flexbox defines a flex container by applying the display property with the flex or inline-flex values:. You can define the direction of flex items using the flex-direction CSS property with one of the following values: rowrow-reversecolumn and column-reverse. Bootstrap uses the classes flex-rowflex-row-reverseflex-columnand flex-column-reverse to determine the direction of flex items.

Also, Flexbox lets you explicitly alter the visual order of specific flex items by using the order property, which defaults to zero:.

flexbox two column grid

Bootstrap offers its own order utility classes for making a flex item first, last, or for resetting the order property to the default DOM order. For example, to make a flex item appear first with respect to its siblings, add order-1 to the markup. For example, the justify-content property on the flex container lets you align flex items on the main axis the x-axis by default, which you can change by setting the flex-direction to column.

Available values are:. The Flexbox align-items property allows you to change the alignment of flex items in the cross axis.

If you set the main axis to be horizontal, the cross axis will be vertical, and vice versa. Check out the code in this pen for an example of how you can apply Bootstrap flex utility classes:. You can find other available utilities in the Bootstrap flex docs. In this article, we looked at how Flexbox makes the Bootstrap grid system more versatile, with features such as automatic same-width layouts and same-height columns.

We then looked at some Flexbox properties that are key to mastering Bootstrap flex utility classes and getting the most out of their powerful layout capabilities.The Flexible Box Module, usually referred to as flexbox, was designed as a one-dimensional layout model, and as a method that could offer space distribution between items in an interface and powerful alignment capabilities.

This article gives an outline of the main features of flexbox, which we will be exploring in more detail in the rest of these guides. When we describe flexbox as being one dimensional we are describing the fact that flexbox deals with layout in one dimension at a time — either as a row or as a column.

This can be contrasted with the two-dimensional model of CSS Grid Layoutwhich controls columns and rows together. When working with flexbox you need to think in terms of two axes — the main axis and the cross axis. The main axis is defined by the flex-direction property, and the cross axis runs perpendicular to it. Everything we do with flexbox refers back to these axes, so it is worth understanding how they work from the outset.

Should you choose row or row-reverseyour main axis will run along the row in the inline direction. Choose column or column-reverse and your main axis will run from the top of the page to the bottom — in the block direction. The cross axis runs perpendicular to the main axis, therefore if your flex-direction main axis is set to row or row-reverse the cross axis runs down the columns.

If your main axis is column or column-reverse then the cross axis runs along the rows. Understanding which axis is which is important when we start to look at aligning and justifying flex items; flexbox features properties that align and justify content along one axis or the other. Another vital area of understanding is how flexbox makes no assumption about the writing mode of the document.

flexbox two column grid

In the past, CSS was heavily weighted towards horizontal and left-to-right writing modes. Modern layout methods encompass the range of writing modes and so we no longer assume that a line of text will start at the top left of a document and run towards the right hand side, with new lines appearing one under the other.

You can read more about the relationship between flexbox and the Writing Modes specification in a later article; however, the following description should help explain why we do not talk about left and right and top and bottom when we describe the direction that our flex items flow in. If the flex-direction is row and I am working in English, then the start edge of the main axis will be on the left, the end edge on the right. If I were to work in Arabic, then the start edge of my main axis would be on the right and the end edge on the left.

In both cases the start edge of the cross axis is at the top of the flex container and the end edge at the bottom, as both languages have a horizontal writing mode. After a while, thinking about start and end rather than left and right becomes natural, and will be useful to you when dealing with other layout methods such as CSS Grid Layout which follow the same patterns. An area of a document laid out using flexbox is called a flex container.

To create a flex container, we set the value of the area's container's display property to flex or inline-flex. As soon as we do this the direct children of that container become flex items. As with all properties in CSS, some initial values are defined, so when creating a flex container all of the contained flex items will behave in the following way.And the only disappointment I've experienced with flexbox is that browser vendors took so long to implement it.

I can't also claim to have pushed flexbox's limits, but the technique has allowed me to accomplish a few tasks which were overly complicated in the past. One task was easily mastering vertical centering with flexbox. It was appallingly easy Your early CSS books were instrumental in pushing my love for front end technologies.

What was it about CSS that you fell in love with and drove you to write about it? At first blush, it was the simplicity of it as compared to the table-and-spacer Many developers create their classes as globals which is generally frowned up. I mostly disagree with that stance, but each to their own. In any event Last week, I read an article in which the author created a typewriter effect using the jQuery JavaScript framework. I was impressed with the idea and execution of the code so I decided to port the effect to MooTools.

After about an hour of coding I know I've harped on this over and over again but it's important to enhance pages for print. Nice, but the height is now fixed at px. How can I achieve equal height of both divs without knowing the contents of each div on beforehand? Already using it almost everywhere I can. Syntax is also really easy to remember. Easy and powerful. I consider this kind of a stumbling block, seeing that — at least here in Germany — older Android smartphones are still around.

When can we use it? Which is at least 5 more years away. Or I am missing some awesome polyfill which automagically replaces it to clearfix and floats or something. How about just using the columns property? Flexbox is a good concept but still has a way to go due to browser issues and other niggly problems. Simple and elegant solution for flex two col layout. I tried several methods but I over complicated things. Thanks to this post I found the answer I was looking for.

Good One.Placing divs side by side in HTML is a very common layout that you need to know. But how exactly can you do this?

These methods are float, flexbox, and grid.

flexbox two column grid

We also want to have a bit of space between the elements. The thicker solid white border on the outside is the. Then each.

Responsive Flexbox Grid System 2016

Then the actual color blocks are child elements of the. They do fit because we have two. And the space between the divs is created by adding padding in each. Well, what if we only had the. In this case, both. But the first green element would also have a margin of 20px. The second blue block would then wrap to the next row underneath the first block, and float to the left there:. This turns on flexbox. Then in each. This number is like a ratio comparing the widths of each child in the parent flex element.

Since they are the same, the available space will be divided up equally. However, flexbox is intelligent enough to take that extra 20px into consideration when dividing up the rest of the available width. This means you can add space with margin without having to calculate the exact pixels. Flexbox will fit the content for you!

Or you could add an additional outer element plus padding for each. If you need to create more complex responsive layouts with flexboxyou will need to keep this in mind.

One big change with grid is that you first determine what the grid template will look like. In our case, we want two columns of equal width. So in the parent. And you may have noticed that all the CSS properties for grid were set on the parent. I'm making a course that will teach you how to build a real-world responsive website from scratch! To get the divs side by side, we will use the following CSS rules:. Flexbox Method With flexbox, we can use a more intuitive way of aligning our two div elements.

This is one big reason that I love flexbox. Want to learn how to build a website? Learn more. Related posts How to layout and design a website without any design skills! CSS position property: relative, absolute, static, fixed, sticky Build a responsive website layout with flexbox Step-by-step guide. Write a Comment.The flexbox layout module is good news for web developers everywhere.

The part where all major browsers now support it is even better news. A lot of fantastic resources, documentation and tutorials have sprung up lately. Solved by Flexbox is one of my favorites. In the past I used very simple CSS float grids for website templating, but Flexbox is even better, and much simpler. In this quick tutorial, I will show you how to create an extremely simple, infinitely scalable responsive grid. We have semantic options for naming the tags and classes, but I'll start off with a simple row and column based naming structure, in the vein of BootstrapFoundationSkeletonand just about every other CSS framework.

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Note that I'm only writing about the functional code. For the examples, I've added borders and background colors to the grid to make it easier to understand. With only two classes. For this grid, we only use a few flex properties. I have my mobile breakpoint set to px.

3 ways to display divs side by side (float, flexbox, CSS grid)

Using min-width media queries is optimal for mobile first layout design. On desktop, all the colums will be contained to a single line. In a framework like Bootstrap, the grid is based on 12 columns.

This is much simpler. Predictably, adding another with divide once again. But that's only so useful. What if you want a Holy Grail layout?

Or a main content with a sidebar? Well, on the small screen view, it's still going to look the same - you still want each section to be full width. On desktop, it will be slightly different. The class names can be anything, but I'm just going to name them after the percents for simplicity.

The only thing that needs to be added is the flex property inside of your min-width media query. Finally, you're going to want to wrap the entire grid inside of a container so your content doesn't stretch to pixels wide on an iMac. Everybody loves HTML5 semantics. Why stick with divs upon divs when we have some semantically named classes we can use instead?

Rows and columns are great for quick template design, but once it comes down to the final code, you want something cleaner.

Read all about HTML5 semantic tags if you're not overly familiar. The main tag is only meant to be used once in a document. Tania Rascia. About me Articles Contact.In the past, CSS float properties were one of the main methods for arranging elements on a website.

Luckily in the modern era of web design, aligning elements has become much more streamlined thanks to Flexbox and CSS grids. When Flexbox came along, it made alignment much easier and has since been widely adopted.

CSS Grid Layouts have also created a lot of excitement in the web design community. Although it is not widely adopted, browsers are starting to adopt support for it.

When it is fully supported, this will have a great impact on designs. Browser support is increasing all the time; be sure to check out Can I Use for the most up to date information. In the near future, when CSS Grid Layouts have full browser support, designers will be able to take the combined advantages of each and create the most efficient and interesting designs.

In order to determine if Flexbox or CSS Grid works better for your development workflow, creating a standard layout that only uses one or the other is a good way to see how they work and if there are advantages of one over the another. A simple layout like this is a quick way to get the various elements positioned. And remember, you should never make changes on your live site. Try experimenting with Local instead, a free local WordPress development app. Download it today! Recently, I covered the subject of creating a Flexbox card layout.

See this on Codepen. Starting from the outside and working in, adding display: flex; to the container is the first step in any Flexbox layout.

Mastering Wrapping of Flex Items

The flex-direction is set to column, so this will position all sections under each other. Creating a full-width header was pretty automatic with the display: flex; headers are a block level element by default. Because of this declaration, it will allow for easy placement for navigation elements. There is a logo and two menu items in the navigation on the left with a login button on the right.

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The nav is in the header, so by having justify-content: space-between; the navigation and button will be spaced automatically. One handy thing is how easy it is to align text. In the navigation, with align-items: baseline;all navigation items are aligned to the baseline of the text so they look more uniform.

Next, there is the sidebar and main content areas with a wrapper that includes the two. The div with a class of. Because the sidebar and content areas are next to each other rather than stacked, the flex-direction is. Because the sidebar and content areas are next to each other rather than stacked, the flex-direction is row, which is the opposite of what was done in the container above.

The size of the main section and the sidebar is very important since more prominent information lives here. The main content should be three times the size of the sidebar, which is pretty easy to do with Flexbox.

For this code snippet, I used shorthand. The flex values are for the flex-grow property. Flex-grow is powerful because this is how much the item s will grow relative to the rest of the flexible items inside the same container. Overall, Flexbox was pretty efficient in creating this simple layout. It was especially helpful having control over the styling of list items and spacing between the navigation and the button.

To test efficiency, the next step is to build the same basic layout with CSS Grid. The page elements are all the same and will be positioned the same way as the Flexbox example.Learn Development at Frontend Masters. Even back then, I thought we might have been at Peak Grid. Someone was promoting a new grid framework practically every week.

You can make a grid yourself! You float a couple of elements with some percentage widths and call it a day. Need gutters? You could add margins to the columns. You could add padding to the columns. I like the idea of using justification to create the columns, like:. If you go the flexbox route, you also now have the ability to change the order of columns as needed, which can be great for keeping more important content higher in the source as well as responsive design reshuffling.

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You can do it! There are plenty of edge cases and weird browser support things that you may run into if you start using more niche flexbox features. Philip Walton has written more on the glory of flexbox grid systems. To be fair, grid frameworks tend to be fairly robust, and plenty of teams find success in having predefined classes and recipes for building any type of grid they need.

Frontend Masters is the best place to get it.

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Hahahaha, so funny: you float a couple of elements with some percentage widths and call it a day. Thanks for the article, again some very usefull new things!

Is it still true? If ever was true.

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Would you still recommend this if you are building larger projects? Or to be more specific: When would you draw the line between using something like bootstrap, frow, etc.


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